Involving the 1850 and you may 1860 census Allen State reported a good thirty-five% get rid of in the Dark colored people

Fort Wayne and you may Allen County’s extreme society miss are almost certainly owed to help you growing racial polarization in late 1850s. So it amount proceeded to ericans of the 1870 census. This new county’s population surged so you’re able to 169 during the 1880 features once the trended up, enumerating 41,618 African People in america in the 2010 census.


Kirby, J. Randolph. “Cards to your Development out of a black Area within the Fort Wayne, Indiana between 1820 and you can 1850.” Dated Fort Development 54: 1-a dozen.

Quinn, Angela M. The brand new Below ground Railroad and Antislavery Direction inside Fort Wayne and Allen County, Indiana. Fort Wayne, IN: Arch, Inc., 2001.

Stith, Hana L. Smoking cigarettes an overlooked Legacy, Dark colored Record, Fort Wayne, Indiana. Fort Wayne, Ind.: African & Dark colored Neighborhood Art gallery, 2005.

U.S. Bureau of your Census. “Aggregate Level of Per Description regarding People in this Area of Indiana,” 1: 352. 6th Census of your own You, 1840. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Place of work, 1841.

U.S. Agency of the Census. Populace out-of Civil Departments Lower than Areas; Dining table III Condition out-of Indiana,” 1:124 Seventh Census of your Us, 1850 Arizona, D.C.: U.S. Census Office, 1852

U.S. Bureau of your Census. Populace out of Civil Divisions Below Areas; Desk III Condition off Indiana,” 1:124 Eighth Census of All of us, 1860. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Workplace, 1862

U.S. Bureau of your Census. “Population off Civil Divisions Lower than Counties; Dining table III-Condition away from Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of one’s You, 1870. Washington, D.C.: You.S. Regulators Print Place of work, 1872.

Bartholomew County was molded into the 1821. Based on federal censuses, the number of blacks and you can mulattos is six inside 1830 (including the Nancy Tyler and James Minor family members), 34 inside 1840, 82 inside the 1850, 6 inside 1860, and 42 into the 1870.

Bartholomew County’s that known settlement possibly called “Africa,” “Smokey Hill,” otherwise “Nigger Slope” is based in Columbus Township

The important disappear away from 1850 so you can 1860 tends to be related to the new negative racial surroundings and you may/otherwise better economic options various other components (Handley and you will Robbins, 33). It wasn’t until 1880 the city of Columbus saw an effective big increase in its black online Denver, MO brides colored inhabitants.The majority of these customers lived-in Columbus Township additionally the town of Columbus. Several of its surnames was indeed: Jones, Oxendine, Galbreath, Mitchell, Simmons and you may Newby. (Newby and you can Slope was indeed names which were from the Beech Settlement within the close Hurry Condition.) These very early settlers originated New york, South carolina, Virginia and Indiana.

Many family that have been in the 1850 census was plus placed in the fresh Sign in regarding Negroes and Mulattoes getting Bartholomew State. (Robbins, Indiana Negro Documents 1852-1865) Researcher Xenia E. Wire talks about an as yet not known Bartholomew State settlement within her essay, “Black colored Outlying Settlements from inside the Indiana prior to 1860” (Gibbs, 104-105). On the July 31, 1927, historian George Pence displayed a paper before a joint conference out of the new Bartholomew Condition Historical Society as well as the State-house Literary Club (Paulette Roberts Range). From the paper, Pence states: “Together in early fifties slightly a large number of Negroes, specific 50 souls, the advised, had settled from the south element of Columbus, additionally the payment is in your town labeled as Africa.

For the retirement following the emigration of coloured someone the fresh new locality was changed to a far more modern label that of Smokey Line. It seems the city entitled “Africa” and “Smokey Line” try known as “Nigger Mountain” regarding the late 1870s. A keen African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Congregation inside the Columbus try identified as getting an integral part of the brand new Salem Circuit with 4 people inside the 1841 (Moments, Indiana Annual Appointment, AME Church). Into the 1850 there are around three “negro” people which have a home appreciated at $520 (Heller, 303).

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